|Title||COBRAme: A Computational Framework for Building and Manipulating Models of Metabolism and Gene Expression|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Lloyd CJ, Ebrahim A, Yang L, King ZA, Catoiu E, O'Brien EJ, Liu JK, Palsson BO|
Genome-scale models of metabolism and macromolecular expression (ME-models) explicitly compute the optimal proteome composition of a growing cell. ME-models expand upon the well-established genome-scale models of metabolism (M-models), and they enable new and exciting insights that are fundamental to understanding the basis of cellular growth. ME-models have increased predictive capabilities and accuracy due to their inclusion of the biosynthetic costs for the machinery of life, but they come with a significant increase in model size and complexity. This challenge results in models which are both difficult to compute and challenging to understand conceptually. As a result, ME-models exist for only two organisms (Escherichia coli and Thermotoga maritima) and are still used by relatively few researchers. To address these challenges, we have developed a new software framework called COBRAme for building and simulating ME-models. It is coded in Python and built on COBRApy, a popular platform for using M-models. COBRAme streamlines computation and analysis of ME-models. It provides tools to simplify the construction and manipulation of ME-models to enable ME-model reconstructions for new organisms. We used COBRAme to reconstruct a condensed E. coli ME-model called iLE1678-ME. This new model gives virtually identical solutions to previous ME-models while using 1/4 the number of free variables and solving in ~10 minutes, a marked improvement over the ~6 hour solve time of previous ME-model formulations. This manuscript outlines the architecture of COBRAme and demonstrates how ME-models can be built and edited most efficiently using the software.
COBRAme: A Computational Framework for Building and Manipulating Models of Metabolism and Gene Expression